Canada immigration is mostly run by the Express Entry system and the Provincial Nominee Programs (PNP). All three federal programs managed under Express Entry- Federal Skilled Worker, Federal Skilled Trades Class, Canadian Experience Class as well as Canada PNPs, require the applicants to demonstrate their language proficiency in English or French.
Canada follows its own language standards to determine language proficiency. It follows Canadian Language Benchmarks or CLBs fo English. For French, the Canadian standard is known as Niveaux de compétence linguistique canadiens (NCLC).
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IRCC assesses language components in four broad areas: Speaking, Reading, Writing, Listening. The three standardized tests that a candidate may take in order to prove language ability for a federal economic immigration program are:
IELTS: The IELTS (International English Language Testing System) test is the most popular language test recognized by IRCC. Interested applicants must ensure to take the General IELTS test, rather than the Academic test. The results are issued in ‘bands’ system. Each immigration stream has its own minimum band level for qualification.
CELPIP: The CELPIP (Canadian English Language Proficiency Index Program) test is yet another recognised test taken by applicants for Canadian immigration from within Canada.
TEF: The TEF (Test d’Évaluation de français) is a test of general French ability, recognized as official proof of language proficiency by IRCC for immigration applications, as well as by the Ministère de l’Immigration, de la diversité et de l’Inclusion (MIDI) du Québec for Quebec Selection Certificate applications.
Although the candidates may prove their proficiency in any one language for ranking under the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS), they may gain more CRS points by proving ability in both official languages.
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